U.S. News college rankings draw new complaints and competitors (2022)





Mocking the chase for prestige in higher education, Education Secretary Miguel Cardona declared last month any system of ranking colleges that values wealth, reputation and exclusivity more than economic mobility and return on investment is “a joke.”

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Cardona didn’t mention U.S. News & World Report. He didn’t have to. Anyone paying attention knew the target of his critique: the “best college” lists from U.S. News that have shaped the hierarchy of higher education since 1983.

As the latest rankings came out Monday, they faced mounting questions about the data that underlie them, the methods used to sort colleges and universities and the intense competition from other publications that churn out best-this and best-that lists in search of clicks from college-bound teenagers and parents.

Those data looked particularly suspect in July, when U.S. News bumped Columbia University from the lofty No. 2 perch among national universities to the hazy status of “unranked,” after questions were raised about accuracy of figures from the Ivy League school in New York. Columbia said in June it would not transmit data this year as it reviewed the matter.



On Friday, the university acknowledged reporting inflated figures for the share of undergraduate classes with fewer than 20 students and the share of full-time professors with terminal degrees. Columbia insisted that the “undergraduate experience is and always has been centered around small classes taught by highly accomplished faculty,” but expressed regret for “deficiencies” of its data reporting.

In the rankings released Monday, Columbia came in 18th. U.S. News said it used publicly available data and other information, including results from its annual survey on the reputation of schools, to assess the university. It has been nearly 20 years since Columbia missed the top 10.

Colleges track a multitude of rankings, domestic and global. While the U.S. News version faces a growing host of competitors, it retains enormous clout.


“By far, the most influential of the rankings, still, is U.S. News,” Colin Diver, former president of Reed College in Portland, Ore., said. He calls it the leader of a “rankocracy” that rules higher education.

Gary S. May, chancellor of the University of California at Davis, is keen to elevate its profile and likes to joke that his favorite list “is always the one we rank highest in.” UC-Davis ranks 10th this year in the U.S. News analysis of public universities, tied with the universities of Texas at Austin and Wisconsin at Madison. But May pointed to another list, from Washington Monthly magazine, that focuses on social mobility, research and public service.

“We just came out as the No. 2 public,” May said, “so that’s fresh in my mind.” May said he is struck by how different approaches to data can “really shuffle the deck for schools that wind up at the top.” The university also follows rankings from The Wall Street Journal/Times Higher Education, Forbes, Money and elsewhere.


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Research shows rankings can sway college-bound students. A 2019 survey of college freshmen by the Higher Education Research Institute at UCLA found 15 percent said rankings in national magazines were “very important” in choosing their school. That was up from about 10 percent in 2000.

Many rankers draw data from a federal website, College Scorecard, that the Obama administration launched in 2013 to promote alternatives to the U.S. News way of looking at higher education. The site shows, for specific schools, earnings of former students, levels of student debt, loan-repayment rates, student diversity, graduation and retention rates, net price by family income and other metrics.

Michael Itzkowitz, who directed the College Scorecard under Obama, said the platform’s data has cast a new spotlight on outcomes for students who go to college. Itzkowitz, an analyst for the center-left think tank Third Way, himself created an economic mobility index that ranked California State University at Los Angeles tops in the nation for value it provides to students from low-income families.

“We’ve seen a steadily increasing focus on whether students are graduating, getting a decent-paying job and are able to pay down their loans,” Itzkowitz said, “rather than just exclusivity and test scores. There’s a momentum shift.”

Still, college and university leaders are often of two minds about rankings: Dismiss them publicly; obsess about them privately.

“I see a lot of virtue in the discipline of the rankings,” said the president of one highly regarded university, who spoke on the condition of anonymity to give a candid assessment. This president, despite misgivings over the formulas, said the rankings help focus internal discussions about school performance. “It’s in the back of everyone’s head.”

The U.S. News ranking formula has evolved, but an enduring element is a survey it sends every year to more than 4,000 college presidents, provosts and admission deans, asking them to rate the academic quality of peer schools on a scale of 1, or “marginal,” to 5, “distinguished.” This counts for 20 percent and ensures that prestige, or lack of it, always weighs significantly.


The formula also factors in faculty resources, including salaries and class size (20 percent), and per-student spending (10 percent), all of which is influenced heavily by institutional wealth. SAT and ACT scores of incoming students, plus their high school class standing, count for 7 percent, and alumni giving rates count for 3 percent.

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The growing test-blind movement in college admissions poses a challenge to the formula. After the disruptions of the coronavirus pandemic, the University of California system decided it will no longer consider SAT or ACT scores for admission. That could make it increasingly tricky for U.S. News to use test results to rank those campuses.

This year, U.S. News used test scores for fall 2020 freshmen to rank schools in the UC system. (UC-Berkeley and UCLA tied for 20th nationally.) For many other universities, it used fall 2021 scores. For still others, it omitted test scores from the calculation entirely.

MIT resumes mandate for SAT or ACT scores. Many other colleges have not.

In recent years, U.S. News has put more emphasis on outcomes, including the share of students who stay enrolled after their first year and the share who graduate within six years. There are also analyses of graduation rates of students from low-income families; whether graduation rates beat or lag predictions; and debt levels of graduates. All of that counts for 40 percent.


U.S. News argues that its formula meets the needs of college-bound students.

“We’re very focused on making sure that universities are doing what they say they would do,” Eric J. Gertler, executive chairman and chief executive of U.S. News, said. “Our mission is to make sure that students make the best decision for themselves.”

U.S. News said about 40 million users visited its Best Colleges website in 2021. A Google search of “college rankings” one recent day turned up U.S. News at the top.

Just below was Niche.com, a platform to search for schools. It ranks colleges using a variety of federal data points and student and alumni reviews. Niche claims that it draws more social-media buzz from students than U.S. News.

“Their influence is waning, no question about it,” said Luke Skurman, chief executive of Niche. He said rankings are useful but not all-important. “Rankings are, in some regard, a relic of media companies,” Skurman said. “We’re a modern platform that does many things, but we’re not a media company.”


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Cardona’s speech on Aug. 11 ridiculed what he called the “whole science behind climbing the rankings.” He derided competition among colleges for affluent students with high SAT scores, and efforts among elite schools to curry favor with peers, using “expensive dinners and lavish events” to score reputational survey points.

On Wednesday, Cardona confirmed that he had meant to zing U.S. News rankings and others that “prioritize prestige and exclusivity.” The federal government, he said, would rather spotlight colleges with other strengths.

“We are very serious about bringing attention to and providing support for those universities that take students that are struggling right now and give them an opportunity to succeed,” Cardona said.

How the rankings affect demand for selective colleges is unclear. Columbia is likely to draw tens of thousands of applications this year regardless of its rank. The university declined to answer questions about its ranking and whether cooperating with U.S. News is worth the trouble.


Villanova University’s provost, Patrick G. Maggitti, said the Catholic institution near Philadelphia drew significantly more interest from potential students after it was reclassified in 2016, from a master’s university to a doctoral research university. That led U.S. News to move Villanova from a regional list to a national one. It debuted in the top 50. Applications for 2017 rose more than 20 percent, Maggitti said. The school also reaped publicity benefits from an NCAA men’s basketball championship in 2016.

“We don’t play to the U.S. News ranking, but we’re not immune to looking at them,” Maggitti said. “It’s increased our recognition in the marketplace.”

Villanova suffered mild embarrassment this year when it disclosed to U.S. News that it had submitted erroneous information about its financial aid. The magazine in July temporarily removed Villanova from a “best value” list. Maggitti described the error as a “one-year blip.” This year Villanova ranks 51st overall among national universities.

Some schools rebel against U.S. News. Reed, a well-regarded liberal arts school, has long been known for boycotting the surveys. U.S. News ranks it anyway — now at 72nd among liberal arts colleges — using publicly available information. If Reed cooperated, experts say, it probably would rank higher.

A growing number of higher education leaders ignore a key part of the U.S. News ranking process: the reputational survey. In its 2011 edition of the rankings, U.S. News said 48 percent of those surveyed responded. The response rate is now 34 percent.

Christopher L. Eisgruber, president of Princeton University, a perennial rankings leader, said he is among those who skip the survey. When he was Princeton’s provost 15 years ago, Eisgruber said, he found himself wondering one day how to rate a very prominent Southern university he had never visited. “I felt utterly unqualified to make the judgment,” he said. He said he set the questionnaire aside and hasn’t filled one out since. Nor do Princeton’s current provost or admissions chief, the university said.

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Gertler defended the survey, saying the data it yields is solid and worthy of inclusion. “Reputation is important,” he said. Employers care about it, he said, and so do faculty, parents and students.

Critics say seeking to measure reputation is an empty and self-perpetuating exercise. Paul Glastris, editor in chief of the Washington Monthly, said the U.S. News list has always been closely identified with powerful, private and highly selective universities. “Its reputation is protected by their reputation,” Glastris said, “and vice versa.”


What is the most reliable university ranking system? ›

The three longest established and most influential global rankings are those produced by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS), Times Higher Education (THE) and Shanghai Ranking Consultancy (the Academic Ranking of World Universities; ARWU).

Why did Columbia drop in rankings? ›

This week ,Columbia University dropped to the #18 from #2 in the U.S. News & World Report's annual college rankings after admitting the University had submitted inaccurate data in earlier years.

What is the number 1 ranked college? ›

Top 100 Colleges in America
RankSchool NameGraduation Rate1
1Harvard University Cambridge, MA98%
2Stanford University Stanford, CA95%
3Princeton University Princeton, NJ97%
4Yale University New Haven, CT96%
6 more rows

What are the best college ranking sites? ›

Let's look at some of the options and explore how Colleges of Distinction's methods differ from other school finders out there.
  • US News and World Report's Best Colleges Report (Methodology) ...
  • The Princeton Review (Methodology) ...
  • Washington Monthly's College Guide (Methodology)

What is the most respected college in the world? ›

Here are the best global universities
  • Harvard University.
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • Stanford University.
  • University of California Berkeley.
  • University of Oxford.
  • University of Washington Seattle.
  • Columbia University.
  • University of Cambridge.

Why are the college ranking systems flawed? ›

The major rankings systems are ambivalent to what schools are teaching and whether students are learning anything of value. Worse, they help drive the cost of college up and academic standards down. “Rankings systems generally use data that are easy to gather, not necessarily data that are the most meaningful.”

Why is UC Berkeley falling in rankings? ›

It moved UC Berkeley into the unranked category after the school notified U.S. News that it misreported data about its alumni donations, which account for 5% of its ranking.

What mistake did Columbia make? ›

Two things Columbia admitted were reportedly incorrectly were its undergraduate class size data and that 100% of its faculty had a Ph. D or terminal degree.

Is Columbia or Harvard harder to get into? ›

Discover the 10 hardest colleges to get into in 2022 as well as what these schools look for during the admissions process. Jump to: Harvard.
Top 10 Hardest Colleges to Get Into.
SchoolLocationAcceptance Rate (Class of 2026)
1. HarvardCambridge, MA3.19%
2. ColumbiaNew York, NY3.73%
8 more rows

What is the number 1 hardest college to get into? ›

Harvard ranked as the toughest school in the country to get into. It has a 5% acceptance rate, according to Niche. Stanford came in second on the list— with an acceptance rate of 5% as well. However, it accepts students with slightly lower test scores, Niche says.

What is the number 1 college town in America? ›

Look no further than Tempe, a town where nearly one out of every four people is a college student. Though that's no surprise considering the city is home to Arizona State University, which has more than 134,000 enrolled students.

What is the #1 best college town in America? ›

1Stanford, Calif.Stanford University
2Williamsburg, Va.William & Mary
3Pasadena, Calif.California Institute of Technology
4Princeton, N.J.Princeton University
145 more rows
8 Aug 2022

Can you trust U.S. News rankings? ›

US News college rankings are accurate if the methodology used and details provided by schools alone are considered. However, rankings can be influenced by what participating schools disclose. By making strategic responses or manipulating figures, schools can have control over their rankings.

What is the most elite college in the world? ›

Harvard University

What college campus has the happiest students? ›

Top 25 Happiest Colleges
  • Princeton University.
  • Brown University.
  • Vanderbilt University.
  • College of William and Mary.
  • Kansas State University.
  • University of Iowa.
  • Fairfield University.
  • University of California, Berkeley.
28 Aug 2022

What college impresses the most? ›

Takeaways: What Looks Good on a College Application
  • Good grades and a challenging course load.
  • Strong test scores.
  • Honest, specific, and eloquent essays.
  • A spike in your extracurricular activities.
  • Compelling letters of recommendation.
  • Volunteer experience with clear impact on the groups or places you've helped.
30 Oct 2021

What is the biggest party school in the US? ›

Here's a look at the top 25 party schools in America:
  • University of California Santa Barbara.
  • Tulane University.
  • Florida State University.
  • University of Alabama.
  • Howard University.
  • University of Wisconsin.
  • University of Georgia.
  • Syracuse University.
21 Sept 2022

What college has the most famous people? ›

These 10 Colleges Have the Most Famous Alumni
  • 8/10 Berklee College Of Music.
  • 7/10 Harvard University.
  • 6/10 Yale University.
  • 5/10 University Of Oxford.
  • 4/10 Dartmouth College.
  • 3/10 The Juilliard School.
  • 2/10 University Of Michigan - Ann Arbor.
  • 1/10 University Of Cambridge.
13 Sept 2021

Can you trust college rankings? ›

While the rankings can be disputed and these lists are subjective, college ranking lists do provide some insight into the reputations of different colleges. Graduate schools and employers often consider the reputations of different schools when they make decisions.

What is the biggest mistakes college students make? ›

Common academic mistakes college students make
  1. Skipping the reading. ...
  2. Taking on way too much. ...
  3. Sticking to what you know. ...
  4. Trying to work in a distracting environment. ...
  5. Memorizing without understanding. ...
  6. Procrastinating until crunch time. ...
  7. Skipping sleep.
2 May 2022

What is the #1 problem on college campuses? ›

Put another way, each constituency group in our study — first-year students, graduating students, faculty, administrators, parents, trustees, young alums — ranks mental health as the biggest problem on the college campus.

Is it harder to get into UC Berkeley or UCLA? ›

UCLA is extremely selective and only enrols students who have a GPA of 3.9 or more. UC Berkeley requires a GPA of 3.89 from all its students. The average SAT score should be between the SAT scale of 1405 and 1600.

Is Berkeley more prestigious than Stanford? ›

No. Berkeley prestige does not depend on Stanford. Its prestige come from its graduate programs. Based on research, Berkeley was ranked fourth in the world behind Harvard, MIT, and Stanford..

What is the #1 public university in the world? ›

UCLA shares the top honor among public schools this year with UC Berkeley. Four other University of California campuses are among the top 10 public universities: UC Santa Barbara (No. 7), UC Irvine (8, tied), UC San Diego (8, tied) and UC Davis (10, tied).

Is Columbia still prestigious? ›

It is one of nine colonial colleges founded prior to the Declaration of Independence, seven of which belong to the Ivy League. Columbia is one of the most prestigious universities in the world.

Is Columbia still Ivy League? ›

Though there are many prestigious colleges across the United States which are mistaken for Ivy League schools, the eight original schools which make up the Ivy League are Brown University, Columbia University, Cornell University, Dartmouth College, Harvard University, Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania, ...

Is Columbia a top 10 school? ›

Columbia University's 2022-2023 Rankings

Columbia University is ranked #18 out of 443 National Universities. Schools are ranked according to their performance across a set of widely accepted indicators of excellence.

What is the easiest Ivy to get into? ›

What's the easiest Ivy League school to get into? While all Ivy League schools are incredibly difficult to get into, Cornell University would likely be considered the easiest since it has the highest acceptance rate of all Ivies. As of fall 2021, Cornell's acceptance rate for first-year applicants was 9%.

What is harder than Harvard? ›

Stanford University

Actually, Harvard isn't even the toughest university to gain acceptance into in the US. Stanford University, with its acceptance rate of 4.7% for the class of 2021, takes the top spot.

Which high school sends the most students to Harvard? ›

Nationwide, these are the three top schools with the most graduates who registered at Harvard, Princeton or MIT from 2015-18: Thomas Jefferson High School in Alexandria, Virginia: 96; Stuyvesant High School in New York City: 94; and Phillips Exeter Academy in Exeter, New Hampshire: 87.

What is the hardest Ivy academically? ›

Harvard is the oldest institution of higher education in the US and consistently ranks #1 hardest Ivy League to get into. Founded in 1636, Harvard offers students a world-class education from some of the most brilliant professors in the world.

What is the easiest college major ever? ›

The 16 Easiest College Majors – 2023 Rankings
  • Psychology.
  • Criminal Justice.
  • English.
  • Education.
  • Religious Studies.
  • Social Work.
  • Sociology.
  • Communications.
1 Nov 2022

What is the hardest degree to get? ›

What are the hardest degree subjects? The hardest degree subjects are Chemistry, Medicine, Architecture, Physics, Biomedical Science, Law, Neuroscience, Fine Arts, Electrical Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Economics, Education, Computer Science and Philosophy.

What is the best major US city to live in? ›

The best big cities in America
  • Austin, Texas.
  • Seattle, Washington.
  • San Diego, California.
  • San Jose, California.
  • Denver, Colorado.
  • Phoenix, Arizona.
  • Fort Worth, Texas.
  • Charlotte, North Carolina.
17 Oct 2022

What is the #1 city to live in in America? ›

Atlanta, Georgia is the best place to live in the U.S. in 2022 because of its booming jobs market and eye on equality.

What is the most beautiful campus in America? ›

25 Most Beautiful College Campuses in the USA in 2022
  1. Berry College, Georgia. ...
  2. The University of Notre Dame du Lac, Indiana. ...
  3. University of San Diego, California. ...
  4. Rice University, Texas. ...
  5. University of Virginia, Virginia. ...
  6. Pepperdine University, California. ...
  7. College of William and Mary, Virginia. ...
  8. Duke University, North Carolina.
5 Jul 2022

What is the 1 best state to live in USA? ›

The personal finance website has come up with a ranked list of the top 20 best states to live in for 2022. Here are the results! The top state is Massachusetts, which ranked first in the nation for education and health, fourth for safety, sixth for quality of life, and 10th for its economy.

What is the safest campus in America? ›

Here are the top 10 safest campuses, according to the ranking:
  • Penn State Scranton - Dunmore, Pennsylvania.
  • Rochester University - Rochester Hills, Michigan.
  • UMass Global - Irvine, California.
  • University of Mount Olive - Mount Olive, North Carolina.
  • Ohio Christian University - Circleville, Ohio.
29 Sept 2022

Is US News college rankings biased? ›

While US News rankings of colleges purport to be highly accurate, they can be misleading in certain important respects. If you make decisions based purely on the US News college rankings, you might end up being miserable.

Which ranking is better QS or U.S. News? ›

USNews and THE focus more on the academic research capabilities available in each institution, and QS evaluates the number of international students and faculty employed. All of these different factors affect how universities are ranked differently from list to list.

What is the U.S. News ranking based on? ›

Standardized test scores: Average test scores on both the SAT math and evidence-based reading and writing portions, and the composite ACT of all enrolled first-time, first-year students entering in fall 2021 are combined for the ranking model.

What is the hardest college major in the world? ›

Introducing the 13 Hardest College Majors
  • #8: Biochemistry or Biophysics. ...
  • #7: Astronomy. ...
  • #6: Physics. ...
  • #5: Cell and Molecular Biology. ...
  • #4: Biomedical Engineering. ...
  • #3: Aero and Astronautical Engineering. ...
  • #2: Chemical Engineering. ...
  • #1: Architecture. Average Hours Spent Preparing for Class Each Week: 22.20.
10 Feb 2021

What is the hardest college course in the world? ›

It is believed that a Bachelor of Science in Nursing or BSN is the toughest course in the world as per the Guinness Book of World Records along with courses like MBBS, BCom, IAS, IPS and Engineering, etc.

What is the most laid back college? ›

Read on to find out our choices for the top 10 most chill colleges.
  • University of Chicago. ...
  • University of Maryland. ...
  • 6. California Institute of Technology. ...
  • Claremont McKenna College. ...
  • University of Rochester. instagram.com. ...
  • Kansas State University. instagram.com. ...
  • Wellesley College. instagram.com. ...
  • Hampshire College. instagram.com.
11 Jan 2021

What college has the nicest dorm? ›

Located in east Missouri, Washington University in St. Louis tops the Princeton Review's 2022 list of best college dorms. There are numerous housing areas on campus, according to the school's website, including a space dedicated to freshmen and sophomores called the South 40.

Which one is better QS or times? ›

Both QS and Times have their strengths and weaknesses. For example, Times' methodologies are better than QS', especially when it comes to ranking universities that are less than 50 years old. But QS has more tables that give you insight into specific courses, regions, and developing countries.

How reliable is QS World University Rankings? ›

Moreover, according to the Guardian, independent academic reviews have confirmed that QS results are over 99% reliable.

Is Webometrics rank reliable? ›

What is the reliability of the Webometrics Ranking? The Ranking Web correlates highly with other Rankings, especially those based on research results. It has a far larger coverage as it ranks more than 20 000 universities worldwide and also it takes into consideration more university missions (not only research).

Are QS university rankings legit? ›

The QS ranking receives approval from the International Ranking Expert Group (IREG), and is viewed as one of the most-widely read university rankings in the world, along with Academic Ranking of World Universities and Times Higher Education World University Rankings.

Is US News ranking reliable? ›

US News college rankings are accurate if the methodology used and details provided by schools alone are considered. However, rankings can be influenced by what participating schools disclose. By making strategic responses or manipulating figures, schools can have control over their rankings.

Why are QS and the rankings so different? ›

The QS university ranking system is slightly different from the Times ranking system because in the former, different sets of indicators, with different weightings, are used for evaluating all the universities in the world, universities in Asia, and those in other regions.

Do university rankings matter? ›

The simple answer is yes. It can be well worth your time to carefully study how a university ranks in different subjects, as well as its overall ranking. Often, the right university for you won't be one with the highest overall ranking.

Is the Princeton Review a reliable source? ›

College rankings, including those published by the Princeton Review, have been criticized for failing to be accurate or comprehensive by assigning objective rankings formed from subjective opinions.

What is the difference between QS ranking and world ranking? ›

QS uses slightly different methodologies for the overall world rankings, subject rankings and regional rankings – which can mean these place universities in a different order.

Is Oxford better than Harvard? ›

The QS World University Rankings for 2022 have Oxford at second, Cambridge in joint third place and Harvard coming in at fifth. By contrast, the Times Higher Education Rankings puts Oxford in the first position, with Harvard in joint second and Cambridge in joint fifth.

Is niche a good website for college ranking? ›

Niche has nearly 500,000 college reviews from real students—more college reviews than any other place on the internet. This gives a uniquely authentic and credible view into what students really think about their college.

Is niche a reliable college website? ›

Niche is 100 percent legit and people really do win each month. While you definitely should be on the lookout for scholarship fraud (better safe than sorry), rest assured that Niche scholarships are the real deal.

Is research and ranking fake? ›

Research and Ranking reviews have been quite positive according to their customers for the services they got, and its registered complaints on the site portal has been also very low. Most of the business websites have rated it with good ratings with moderate customer complaints.

Who is the No 1 university in world? ›

List of top 1000 universities in the world
UniversityCountryTHE 2022
University of OxfordUnited Kingdom1
University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom5
California Institute of Technology (Caltech)United States2
University of California, Berkeley (UCB)United States8
54 more rows

Is Oxford better than Cambridge? ›

The University of Cambridge marginally outranks Oxford in the QS World University Rankings® 2023, with Cambridge placing in second and Oxford fourth.

Is Stanford better than Harvard? ›

Similarly, the average GMAT score for Stanford (734) is slightly high as compared to Harvard (730), with an average GPA of 3.7 for both the business schools.
Class 2021 Profile Full-Time MBA.
Stanford vs. HarvardStanfordHarvard
Class Size417938
Average GMAT734730
GMAT Range600-790590-800
3 more rows
16 Jan 2020


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